Moroccan Darija

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Arabic is Morocco’s official language, but French is widely taught and serves as the primary language of commerce and government. Colloquial Moroccan Arabic also known as Darija is the spoken dialect of Morocco.  Darija is composed of a unique combination of Arabic, Berber, and French and Spanish. About 10 million Moroccans, predominantly in rural areas, also speak one of the three Moroccan Berber dialects (Tarifit, Tashelhit, and Tamazight). Spanish is also used in the northern part of the country. English is increasingly becoming the foreign language of choice among educated youth and is offered in many public schools from the fourth year on.

Colloquial Moroccan Arabic (CMA), Darija is the spoken dialect of Morocco.  CMA is grammatically simpler and has a less voluminous vocabulary than Modern Standard Arabic.  While most CMA words find their root in MSA, many CMA words are borrowed from French, Spanish and Berber.


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