The significant variation from Darija (L1) requires students to learn Modern Standard Arabic as a second language (L2). Similarly teachers are required to provide interpretation or modify the academic instruction for specific classroom tasks. The usage and transfer from speech (Darija) to text (Arabic) in classrooms were assessed in K-2 classrooms with early literacy development. The classroom observations resulted in the following:
- A collection of Darija words most commonly used during the time spent in classroom settings with Arabic instruction only. This not an exhaustive list of words.
- A four-week curriculum unit on Moroccan communities written in English with Darija as the target language and medium of instruction.